East Texas Pasture Management Program

Friday, February 17, 2017 Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center 1710 N. Hwy 3053, Overton, TX 75684   Effective weed control with weed identification, proper timing and herbicide selection Does storage of pesticides impact efficacy? How to properly dispose of empty containers and old pesticides Using herbicides under trees: Is it possible? Save money by understanding active ingredients, residual control and herbicide cost   Registration starts 12:30 pm Program starts 1:00 pm Adjourn 6:00 pm   5 Pesticide CEUs Available    Preregister by Feb. 15, 2017: Cost:… Read More →

Hay Meadow’s Friend or Foe?

Annual Ryegrass…a cool season annual forage often utilized by livestock producers for winter grazing. However, it’s often deemed an enemy of many a hay producer in East Texas. Volunteer annual ryegrass can be common in hay meadows. Winter rainfalls can promote seed germination and seeds can survive for multiple years in our soils. Later maturity of annual ryegrass can delay or prevent our warm season perennial forages (i.e. bermudagrass or bahiagrass) from breaking dormancy in April/May therefore delaying our initial hay cutting.   So how do we manage… Read More →

Renovation

During the dormant season we often get anxious for warm weather and green pastures so we start thinking about renovation. Renovation is a practice or series of management practices which “restores the vigor” or “makes new again.” In pasture management, renovation refers to improvement of a permanent pasture by changed management. Renovation of bermudagrass pastures may be as simple as soil testing and applying proper fertilization; or, it may be as complex and intensive as destroying the existing sod, preparing a seedbed and sprigging again.   Some renovation… Read More →

Weed of the Week: Thistles

If left uncontrolled, thick thistle stands can reduce grazing and result in less forage production. A single thistle plant can produce at least 4,000 seeds, which increases the chance for higher thistle populations in the pasture the following year. Consequently, management practices need to be conducted prior to flower formation for effective thistle control. Even if thistles have not infested your pasture in the past, it is ideal that your pastures are scouted in late fall through mid-spring (November to March) to ensure that thistles do not get… Read More →

Pesticide Applicator Trainings

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TWO EVENTS   December 1, 2016 (5 pesticide CEUs: 1 Laws & Regulations; 1 IPM and 3 general) Weed Control in Pastures and Hay Meadows (2 hours) Getting the Most out of Your Sprayer Equipment Beef Cattle External Parasite Control Records, Your Best PPE December 6, 2016 (5 Pesticide CEUs: 1 Laws & Regulations; 2 IPM and 2 general) Pesticides and Pollinators Mosquito Control Update Turfgrass Insect Pest Update Wild Pig Control in Urban Environments On Site Registration Cost: $35/person (includes lunch) Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center… Read More →

Upcoming Events

Don’t forget to cheek out the “Events” tab for upcoming events in College Station as well as Overton, TX! Events occurring through out the year will be posted under the “Events” tab. Upcoming Events: Bennett Trust Ladies Conference; FLYER Ranch Management University Pesticide Applicators Training; FLYER 4 States Beef Cattle Conference; FLYER     For local programs contact your County Extension Agent.        

Fall Armyworms

With rain in East Texas, fall army worm infestations may develop (or already have) in pastures and hayfields. Below is information on management of fall armyworm in pastures and hay and a list of labeled insecticides (click on “Armyworm Fact Sheet”). As always remember to read the label of all pesticides before use! Armyworm Fact Sheet                   Dr. Vanessa Corriher-Olson Forage Extension Specialist Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Overton, TX vacorriher@ag.tamu.edu

Potassium is for Persistence

We rely heavily on our bermudagrass pastures and hay meadows during the summer in some parts of Texas. Often times we are disappointed with production, see a thinning of our stand and/or see disease like symptoms. This is often times referred to as “Bermudagrass Decline.” We quickly blame weather. Granted weather can have an impact on each of those issues. However, there is often a deeper problem that we need to access. Primary Causes: Low Potassium (K) Fertility: A deficiency in K will result in poor stress tolerance,… Read More →

Bermudagrass Stem Maggot

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The bermudagrass stem maggot (Atherigona reversura), a new pest of bermudagrass forage in Texas has been reported in multiple counties for 2016 so far. The bermudagrass stem maggot is native to south Asia (from Japan westward to Pakistan) and was first reported in the United States in Georgia in 2010. This pest only infests bermudagrass and stargrass (Cynodon spp.). The fly (yellow with black head) lays its eggs within the stem of the bermudagrass plant. Once the egg hatches the larva, or maggot, (white with black head, 1/8” –… Read More →

Grasshoppers!

There are about 150 species of grasshoppers in the state of Texas, but 90% of the damage to crops, gardens, trees, and pastures is caused by just 5 species. Grasshoppers deposit their eggs 1/2 to 2 inches below the soil surface in pod-like structures. Each egg pod consists of 20 to 120 eggs. Egg pods are very resistant to cold and can easily survive the winter if the soil is not disturbed. Grasshoppers deposit eggs in fallow fields, ditches, fencerows, and weedy areas, as well as in crop… Read More →